Learn Korean

[ B A S I C K O R E A N ]

What you need to know…
Hanggugo (Han-guu-go) – language
Hangul (Hahn-guul) – writing system
Kanada (Kah-nah-dah) – alphabet
Korean language has 24 phonetic symbols and 140 syllables
10 vowel sounds (has long and short vowels), 14 consonant sounds (it receives primary stress)
Pit changes only when there is a question, declaration or command
There’s no articles (a, the)
No singular and plural
Omits the subject (noun, pronoun) when it’s understood
No F,V,Z

BASIC GREETINGS:

Greetings and Introductions

Good morning
Good afternoon, Hello

An nyong haseyo
An nyong hashim nikka (polite)

Good night

An nyonghi jumuship siyo.

How do you do?
(meeting for the first time)

Ch’oum poepget sumnida

My name is _____.

Chonun ______ imnida

How are you?

Otto shimnikka?

Hello?
(on the phone)

Yoboseyo?

Good-bye.
(to person leaving)

An nyonghi kasayo.
An nyonghi kaship shiyo (polite)

Good-bye.
(to person staying)

An nyonghi kyesayo.
An nyonghi kyeshipshiyo (polite)

Do you speak English?

Yeongeorul malsum halsu isseoyo

Thank you
Kamsa hamnida

You’re welcome
Chonmaneyo

I am sorry
Mian hamnida

Excuse me
Shilye hamnida

Do your best
Yol shim hi hasaeyo

I understand
Alge sumnida

I don’t understand
Moruge sumnida

Congratulations
Chukha hamnida

Cheers!
Gombae

Congratulations
Chukha hamnida

Yes
Ne

No
Aniyo

What is this?
Muot imnikka?

How much is this?
Igotson olma imnikka?

What?
Mout imnikka?

Where?
Odi imnikka?

When?
Onchae imnikka?

Why?
Wai kuroshimnikka?

Who?
Nugo shimnikka?

how are you, good morning, good afternoon, hello, how do you do:
Annyong haseyo? (Ahn-nyong hah-say-yoe?)
Annyong hashim nikka? (Ahn-nyong hah-sheem nee-kkha?)

Goodnight: Annyong hi chumushipshio (Ahn-nyong he chuu-muu-ship-she-oh)
Goodbye: Annyonghi kashipshio (Ahn-nyong-he kah-ship-she-oh)
See you later: Tto poepket ssumnida (Toe pep-kay sume-nee-dah)

KOREAN NUMBERS:
One(1): Hana (Hah-nah)
Two(2): Tul (Tule)
Three(3): Set (Sehtt)
Four(4): Net (Nehtt)
Five(5): Tasot (Tah-saht)
Six(6): Yosot (Yoe-saht)
Seven(7): Ilgop (Eel-gope)
Eight(8): Yodol (Yah-dahl)
Nine(9): Ahop (Ah-hope)
Ten(10): Yol (Yahl)

SEASONS:
Spring: Pom (Pome)
Summer: Yorum (Yuh-rume)
Autumn: Kaul (Kah-ule)
Winter: Kyoul (Kyah-uule)

#18: Refers to the standby song that you always sing when in a norae-bang (singing room)

Ajumma: (아줌마) a married woman characterized by short permed hair and aggressive attitude

Ajusshi: (아저씨) generally a married or older man characterized by poor sense of fashion and a huge ego

Apku (short for “Apkujong-dong”): Hip and happening area on the south side of the Han River in Gangnam. This is where the best restaurants, bars and plastic surgeons are located. A hang-out for celebrities and the stylish. Adjoining neighborhoods are Cheongdam-dong, Samsung-dong and Shinsa-dong.

Back: (빽) strong and powerful social connections that can get you what you want (i.e. a job)

Black Day: (블랙 데이) Exactly 1 month after White Day (March 14th), it’s the day where singles eat “jja-jang-myun” (Korean style black bean noodles)

CC: acronym for “campus couple” or couples who meet and date during school (or sometimes work). A publicly announced school couple.

CF: acronym for “commercial film” or better known as “t.v. commercial”

Chaebol: (재벌) Large conglomerates that are run by families such as Samsung, LG/GS, Hyundai, Lotte etc.

Dica: a Konglish term that is the shortened from “digital camera”

Dongsaeng: (동생) a younger sister/brother

Expired or “Poom-jeol-nam” ( 품절남 ) refers to when a man has “expired” or off the market due to marriage.

Gong-ju Byeong (공주병) literally refers to “princess sickness/disease”; a female who thinks she is a princess and above everyone else; conceited and vain.

Hoobae: (후배) a person who is younger than you at school or work

Hyung: (형) Older brother or close older male (used by males only) Being “hyung” comes with responsibilities

Kyopo (교포) A person of Korean descent who has lived in the west

Jjim-jil-bang (찜질방): Korean style sauna and public bath with services such as Korean style exfoliation, massages, and other body treatments. Good for families and friends to hang out, relax and enjoy the “spa” food.

Maknae (막내): The youngest or baby in the family or group.

Moos: (무다리) our own term derived from “moo-dari” or thick or hefty calves in reference to the shape of “moo” or Korean turnip

MV: music video

Namchin: (남친/남자친구) short for “namja chingu” which means boyfriend

NG: “Not good” A term used for outtakes when filming a movie or taping a television show

Noraebang (노래방): a singing room to practice your #18 (see above). Generally cheaper than Karaoke, which is considered to be more posh and upscale rooms with luxurious decor and usually delicious anjoo (side dishes with drinks).

Nae-soong: (내숭) inconsistency between a girl’s true personality (i.e. extroverted), and external (i.e. introverted, shy and innocent) personality. In other words, trying to hide your true intentions self by acting sweet and innocent.

No chu nyu: (노처녀) an old maid or spinster

Nuna: (누나) a term used by males to address older sisters or older women

Mohm-sal: (몸살) a condition when your body is unable to function (i.e. get up) due to exhaustion or extreme fatigue- a uniquely Korean phenomenon. Many ajummas get this. However, “mohm-sal” affects all ages.

MT: “membership training” is a casual term that refers to trips taken for the purpose of bringing the members of a group closer together. Generally involves overnight stays, recreational activity (hiking, skiing etc) and drinking.

Netizen: a term for “internet citizens” or persons who are part of the internet community.

Om-chin-ah: (엄마친구아들): short for my mother’s friend’s son.  A mother’s friend who brags about her son’s accomplishments (generally work or school related) and the lowly son has to hear about it.

Oppa: (오빠) older brother or close older male (used by females only). Being “oppa” comes with responsibilities

Oppa-dongsaeng 오빠-동생) used to describe a relationship between an older male and younger female. Also commonly used by celebrities to cover up their romantic relationship

Baram-doong-i: (바람둥이) a playboy; someone who is smooth with the ladies

Pama: (파마) a perm

Pi-bu-mi-in: (피부미인) a woman who has beautiful skin

Pepero Day: (빼빼로 데이) An informal holiday on November 11 (11.11) where peppero chocolate sticks are given out as presents

s-line: refers to the shape of a woman’s body

selca: (셀카): term that refers to “self-camera” or taking pictures of yourself

Sogaeting: (소개팅) blind date

Ssang-ul: (쌩얼) bare face or without make-up

Ssulung: (썰렁)a term widely used to describe cheesy jokes (literal translation: it’s cold)

Sunbae: (선배) a word used to address people that are older than you, usually in more formal situations

UCC: refers to “User Created Content” or short video clips

Ul-jjang: (얼짱) a term created by netizens to describe a person with the best face (ul-gul [얼굴]: face and jjang [짱]: best)

Unni (언니) or “sister.” The term is used for referring to your real older sister (by a girl) and to a close older female (by a female). Also see “noona”

Ichimaseyo Don’t forget me!

v-line: refers to the ideal face shape in Korea- a “v” or oval.

Yang-dari (양다리) : a two-timer; having 2 boyfriends/girlfriends at the same time

Yeochin: (여친/여자친구) short for ‘Yeoja Chingu’ which means girlfriend

Wang ja: (왕자) 6 pack or washboard abs
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Holidays and Traditions in Korea

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

November 11: Pepero Day. The chocolate covered biscuit sticks are eaten or given out as presents since it resembles the day “11.11″

Mid November : College entrance exams. (usually on the coldest day of the year) To “stick” or pass the exam, friends and family give test takers chocolates, rice cakes or “yeot” (traditional taffy) for good luck.

December 25: Christmas. Generally, the holiday is spent hanging out with close friends more than family.

January 1, New Years: Spent with family. To bring in the new year, rice-cake soup (떡국) is traditionally eaten. Yum!

January/February: Lunar New Year. One of the 2 biggest holidays of the year (the other is Chuseok) to celebrate the new lunar year. The dates varies according to the lunar calendar.

February 14, Valentines Day: Celebrated on February 14, On this day, the women give chocolates or big basket of goodies to their men. This tradition is opposite to the west.

March 14, White day: Celebrated on March 14, exactly 1 month after Valentines Day. On this day, the men give chocolates or big basket of goodies to their women

April 14:.  Black day:  A day for lonely singles. Celebrated exactly 1 month after White Day (see above) where single friends meet up to eat  Jjajang-myun (짜장면 or Korean style black bean noodles) to mourn their status and to perhaps catch the eye of an attractive single slurping down noodles….

June 14: Kiss day. Yep, that’s right. The brilliant minds of someone in the land of the morning calm have thought of an excuse to kiss someone.  So pucker up and plant one on whoever your heart desires…

c: popseoul, koreancraze, seoulove

Advertisements

40 responses to “Learn Korean

  1. ooooo

    i wanna learn korea

  2. this is really great. thanks!

  3. can you post some english to korean name
    please

  4. i really like to learn the korean language ….n m fron nepal .
    i mostly watch korean movies to learn korean language…

  5. anyeong ! ahha.
    so great can learn korea..
    hope i can learn more 🙂
    kamsamida !!

  6. i love korea..how i gonna learn deeply?

  7. Yoboseyo Chonun kristine imnida.Otto shimnikka?
    cnblue ne Yol shim hi hasaeyo!!!!!!!!

  8. yoboseyo haha

  9. An nyong haseyo,, yoboseyo!@

  10. Thanks !!!!!! I’m just looking for a nem term korean slang now!!!!!!!

  11. hi that’s intresting i love to learn korea tanks :-*

  12. Wow that was easy for a traveler like me who needs to know how to speak different languages!

  13. i really luv korean drama n m a huge fan of kpop
    thts d reason i really wnt to learn korean language

  14. i want to know all title of kara songs

  15. Great website it has korean languages!

  16. i love the korean holidays too!!! in addition to the language of course!! hahaha so cute!!

  17. anyohaseyo
    i really love korea and wanna know all about korea 😀

  18. HELLOW…?

  19. i really want to learn korean…i also want to meet them..

  20. 한국어를 배우고 싶 었 정말 합니까? 당신을 가르칠 수 있습니다. 🙂

  21. interesting,a lot of traditions,like in indonesia of course,but different!!

  22. wow to many different style to talk…….

  23. boys over flowers and city hunter is my favorite movei i ever had in my life and sana may part 2 pa sana because kong mawawala tong movie nato malulung kot talaga ako

  24. i love lee min ho so much fore ever more

  25. Vanessa Quidem

    Learning Korean languages is so hard but when you want it you’ll do your best to know more ❤

  26. more please .. 🙂 kamsa hamnida!

  27. I relee love korean language<3

  28. i like korean languages

  29. shielamea_ramada@yahoo.com

    …kamsa hamnida.. by the way cant you put translation of happy birthday..

  30. can i learn more please??? And i what to say kamsa hamnida!

  31. i love SEOUL i love korea except north korea

  32. Wow i love this just wish there is an online teaching class to learn korean kumaho

  33. i love korean so so mach

  34. Annyonghaseyo..Chonun Asmee imnida… kamsa hamnida 🙂

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s